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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Child Labor: 1900's to Now Timeline By 1900, almost 18% of the paid labor force was made up of child laborers, but a steep drop occurred because of laws passed in 28 states by 1899. For instance, Massachusetts was the first state to pass a child labor law in 1836. When the Industrial Revolution began in about 1790, child labor became a huge part of the labor force in factories. From 1900 to 1920, the number of child workers steadily decreased. The child laborers were mostly involved in agriculture and manufacturing. Mother Jones was a influential figure in regards to regulations of child labor. Because of the long hours and low wages of the children participating in child labor, she began a movement in Pennsylvania to institute a national child labor law in 1903. Although she neversaw the law pass, Mother Jones was a crucial part of instituting child labor reform, which became law in 1938. The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 instituted many regulations on child labor, such as the fact that children under 14 may not be employed and children between 16 and 18 may be employed for unlimited hours in non-hazardous occupations. Some exceptions to these rules exist, such as employment by parents and newspaper delivery. The regulations for agricultural employment are generally less strict, allowing children to work unlimited number of hours on a farm if a parent or guardian works that same farm. Florence Kelly was a reformer who fought to make it illegal for children under 14 to work, among other restrictions part of the Fair Labor Standards Act. She was influenced by her father giving her a tour of a glass factory when she was young. Child labor has significantly decreased since the early 20th century, when laws were put into place to stop underaged labor. Child laborers now only make up less than 1% of the workforce in the United States, working primarily on farms with their guardians. Child labor has been prevalent in other countries since the Industrial Revolution, but it has existed in agricultural jobs for many years prior. In England in the 1890's, up to 26% of boys aged 10-14 participated in child labor. In the world today, child labor is still a serious issuein developing countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, as shown by the graphs and index map. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1881 1891 1901 1911 Year Percentage In 1922, child labor was officially banned in the Soviet Union, but it continued illegally through the mid 20th century in agricultural and janitorial jobs. The Rest of the World The United States
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