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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Chapter 13 Section 3: "Southern Cotton Kingdom" "Rise of the Cotton Kingdom" With Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin in the South he transformed the whole cotton production forever.They considered it the best and most perfect invention ever.With the cotton gin a worker could clean 50 times more cotton each day than by hand.The Upper South made tobacco, hemp, wheat, and vegetables while the Deep South made cotton, sugarcane, and rice.The price of enslaved people had increased because of their role in the South. Before the invention of the cotton gin the South seemed to be an undeveloped agricultural region in 1790.By 1850 it had changed. It population had spread inland to the Deep South which are Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas.Its economy was now thriving but it did depend on the practice of slavery. In colonial times indigo, rice, and tobacco were the main crops but after the American Revolution they had decreased and it now depended on the crop of cotton. The agricultural economy of the South was very different from the North's manufacturing.Some Southern leaders wanted to develop industry in the South, so that they wouldn't have to depend so much on the North.William Gregg and Joseph Reid Anderson shared this opinion, so they made more businesses in the South to help the South's economy. cotton gin- a machine that could remove seeds from cotton money to invest in businesses.consequences- results.processed- prepared.Eli Whitney- Revolutionized the cotton production by inventing the cotton gin in 1793.William Gregg- A South Carolina merchant who opened his own textile factory.Joseph Reid Anderson- A Virginian who took over the Tredegar Iron Works and made it one the nation's leading iron producters. Vocabulary
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