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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 B-blockers A B C Most effective way to reduce the risk of having another MI [12] anti-platelet therapy angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor cessation ofsmoking cholesterol reduction diet bloodpressure aldosterone inhibitor Proved to be more effective inthe treatment of left ventricular dysfunction with added MI [4] Aspirin (75-325mg per day/ low to a medium dose) [4] D Normal BP 120/80goal BP if hypertensive 140/90 Prevention of Used in the treatment of resistant hypertension [4] Protect heart from another MI by easing theworkload, slowing down heart rate, reducing blood pressure and stabilising electrical activity [12] Provides advice and programs on exercise,stress, diet, and getting back to everyday life post-MI [12] Mediterranean diet: > fruit & veg> fish & healthy oils< high fat protein< sodium [9,10] alcohol 2 units per day for males and 1 unit per day for females [4] anti-coagulants Warfarin is most widely used [4] Effective treatment with statins can be life saving as it reduces cholesterol levels considerably and this prevents heart attacks and otheratherosclerosic-related conditions [2,7] cardiacrehabilitation depression treatment 15-20% of patients with MI meet criteria for majordepression which worsens prognosis of CVD [8,14] diabetes mellitustreatment Can be a complication of CVD.Normal glucose: < 5.6 mmol/l DM: >7.1 mmol/l [11] E exercise Minimum of 20-30 minutes of exercise 5 times a week [1] Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the number 1cause of global mortality. By 2030 more than23 million people will die annually from CVDs [15] 26.6 million (11.3%) adults are diagnosed with CVD [3] CVD is the leading cause of death in both gendersMore than a third of women worldwide die due to CVDMore women than men die of heart attacks23% of women and 18% of men will die within one year of a first recognized heart attack; 22-32% of women and 15-27% of men heart attack survivors will die within five years [3,6] Over 80% of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle- income countriesIncidence of CVD is 1.2 million a year or 2 per minute [13,15] Between the ages of 18-54 the prevalence of CVD is quite the same in both gendersFor ages 55 and older there is higher prevalence of CVD in men than in females [5] Morbidity Mortality Occurrence Gender Age
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