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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 B-blockers A B C most effective way to reduce the risk of having another MI anti-platelet therapy angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor cessation ofsmoking cholesterol reduction diet bloodpressure aldosterone inhibitor Proved to be more effective inthe treatment of left ventricular dysfunction with added MI Aspirin (75-325mg per day/ low to a medium dose) D normal BP 120/80goal BP if hypertensive 140/90 secondary prevention of Used in the treatment of resistant hypertension Protect heart from another MI by easing theworkload, slowing down heart rate, reducing blood pressure and stabilising electrical activity provides advice and programs on exercise,stress, diet, and getting back to everyday life post-MI Mediterranean diet: > fruit & veg> fish & healthy oils< high fat protein< sodium alcohol 2 units per day for males and 1 unit per day for females anti-coagulants Warfarin is most widely used Effective treatment with statins can be life saving as it reduces cholesterol levels considerably and this prevents heart attacks and otheratherosclerosic-related conditions cardiacrehabilitation depression treatment 15-20% of patients with MI meet criteria for majordepression which worsens prognosis of CVD diabetes mellitustreatment Can be a complication of CVD.Normal glucose: < 5.6 mmol/l DM: >7.1 mmol/l E exercise Minimum of 20-30 minutes of exercise 5 times a week Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the number 1cause of global mortality. By 2030 more than23 million people will die annually from CVDs 26.6 million (11.3%) adults are diagnosed with CVD CVD is the leading cause of death in both gendersMore than a third of women worldwide die due to CVDMore women than men die of heart attacks23% of women and 18% of men will die within one year of a first recognized heart attack; 22-32% of women and 15-27% of men heart attack survivors will die within five years Over 80% of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle- income countriesIncidence of CVD is 1.2 million a year or 2 per minute Between the ages of 18-54 the prevalence of CVD is quite the same in both gendersFor ages 55 and older there is higher prevalence of CVD in men than in females Morbidity Mortality Occurrence Gender Age
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