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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Bilingual Education Laws (cont) Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974 This act passed by Congress forbade schools from denying education on the basis of a students national origin by failing to take appropriate action to overcome language barriers (de Jong, 2011). The Equal Education Opportunity Act extended the ruling of Lau v. Nichols to include all schools, not simply ones receiving federal funding. Lernen No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 This law replaces the Bilingual Education Act and its amendments. No Child Left Behind Act requires students to attain English fluency in 3 years and requires schools to teach students in English after that time period (Kauchak & Eggen, 2008). The primary objective is for instruction to be implemented in English only and to eliminate minority languages in the school system altogether. Apprendere Bilingual Laws in Ohio In 1839, Ohio became the first state to adopt a bilingual education law. German-English instruction became available upon a parent's request("Rethinking Schools" 2014). In the Lau v. Nichols ruling, the federal courts did not mandate that schools provide a particular type of bilingual program. "According to guidelines from the Office for Civil Rights the test for legal adequacy for a program servingbilingual students is whether the adopted strategy works, or promises to work, on the basis of past practice or in the judgment of experts in the field"("Ohio Department of Education", 2013). School districts in Ohio therefore use a variety or a combination of bilingual programs. These include bilingual education, the immersion approach, pull-out English as a Second Language classes,in-class or inclusion instruction, and tutoring ("Ohio Department of Education", 2013). Belajar Katie MillironFebruary 17, 2014Greg Twogood
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