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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Bilingual Education Bilingual Education Bilingual education is information that is being taught to students in their classroom in their native language and English. Mostly all school in United States has a bilingual education system. There are many forms of different types of bilingual educations. They all help students who speak a language other than English. Also, even students who speak English. Bilingual education is information that is being taught to students in their classroom in their native language and English. Mostly all school in United States has a bilingual education system. There are many forms of different types of bilingual educations. They all help students who speak a language other than English. Also, even students who speak English. Type of Program TypicalStudents Languagesused in theClassroom Educational/Societal Aim LanguageOutcome SUBMERSION(Structured immersion) Language Minority Majority Language Assimilation Monolingualism SUBMERSION with withdrawal classes/shelteredEnglish Language Majority Majority Language with pull-out L2. lessons(held in a differentlocation) Assimilation Monolingualism SEGREGATIONIST Language Minority MinorityLanguage(forced,no choice) Apartheid Monolingualism Weak Forms of BilingualEducation Weak Forms of BilingualEducation TRANSITIONAL Language Minority Moves from Minority to Majority Language Assimilation Relative Monolingualism MAINSTREAM with Foreign Language Teaching SEPARATIST Language Majority Majority Language with L2/FL Lessons Limited Enrichment Limited Bilingualism Language Minority Minority Language (out of choice) Detachment/Autonomy Limited Bilingualism Type of Program Typical Students Languages used in the Classroom Educational/Societal Aim Language Outcome IMMERSION MAINTENANCE/ HERITAGE LANGUAGE TWO-WAY/DUAL LANGUAGE MAINSTREAM BILINGUAL Language Majority Two Majority Languages Maintenance/ Pluralism/ Enrichment Bilingualism & Biliteracy Bilingualism & Biliteracy Bilingualism & Biliteracy Bilingualism & Biliteracy Maintenance/Pluralism/Enrichment Maintenance/Pluralism/Enrichment Pluralism/Enrichment Bilingual with initial emphasis on L2 Bilingual with emphasis on L1 Minority & Majority Mixed Language Majority & Minority Language Minority Language Majority Strong Forms of Bilingual Education Strong Forms of Bilingual Education Baker, C. (2011). Baker, C. (2011). - Bilingual educations benefit both ethnic minority and mainstream students at numerous levels (Ngai, 2002). - Society as a whole is the benefited of bilingual education because it helps people in social and professional domain (Ngai, 2002).- Benefits both native-English-speaking and non-native-English speaking- bilingualism helps to improve social relations in multiethnic communities, and, hence, contributes to national stability and prosperity (Ngai, 2002). Pros of Bilingual Education: Pros of Bilingual Education: - it is expensive -Students leave their class to go to the ESL classes and miss the work in the other class.- Students get held back- The work in school can get confusing. Cons of Bilingual Education: Cons of Bilingual Education: Percent agreement:Hispanic parents = 53% (Shin and Gribbons, 1996);Korean parents = 88% (Shin and Kim, 1996);Hmong parents = 52% (Shin and Lee, 1996);Administrators = 74% (Shin, Anton and Krashen, 1999);Teachers = 74% (Shin and Krashen, 1996). Developing literacy through the first language facilitates literacy development in English: Developing literacy through the first language facilitates literacy development in English: Learning subject matter through the first language makes subject matter study in English more comprehensible: Learning subject matter through the first language makes subject matter study in English more comprehensible: Percent agreement:Hispanic parents = 34% (33% were "not sure") (Shin and Gribbons, 1996);Korean parents = 47% (Shin and Kim, 1996);Hmong parents = 60% (Shin and Lee, 1996);Vietnamese parents = 64% (Young and Tran, 1999);Administrators = 78% (Shin, Anton and Krashen, 1999);Teachers = 70% (Shin and Krashen, 1996). What these results show is that people agree with the principles underlying bilingual education;the problem seems to be that they are not aware that bilingual education is based on these principles. What these results show is that people agree with the principles underlying bilingual education;the problem seems to be that they are not aware that bilingual education is based on these principles. Krashen, S. (1993). 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Arizona California Florida New York Eight Graders Fourth Graders According to a 2007 report by the National Center of Educational Statistics branch of the U.S. Department of Education, the last report on ELL scores, 38 percent of fourth graders and 40 percent of eighth graders in ELL programs test at the average, or above average, level (Rubi, n.d.). I think that bilingual education is very important in schools because children that come from different country most likely dont know English and they only know their native language. Which is why helping them in their language so they can learn English and do better in school. Also students whose first language is English and they want to learn another language is very smart because it will benefit them in the future. We live in a very diverse country therefore learning another language will only help people in the future. I believe that bilingual education should be in very school and it should benefit the students in their education and in their lives. I think that bilingual education is very important in schools because children that come from different country most likely dont know English and they only know their native language. Which is why helping them in their language so they can learn English and do better in school. Also students whose first language is English and they want to learn another language is very smart because it will benefit them in the future. We live in a very diverse country therefore learning another language will only help people in the future. I believe that bilingual education should be in very school and it should benefit the students in their education and in their lives. **Bilingual programs are more advantage for literacy and languagedevelopment for foreign language and native language instruction**. **Bilingual programs are more advantage for literacy and languagedevelopment for foreign language and native language instruction**.
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