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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Website Australia Australia lies in the southern hemisphere and is south of Papua New Guinea and west of New Zealand. country capital: Canberra (35*18.48'S 149*7.47'E) Land and Water Features Australia has four seasons across most of the country: summer, autumn, winter, and spring. Summer is from December to February, autumn is from March to May, winter is from June to August, and spring is from September to November. The four different seasons in Australia are caused by the different amounts of sunlight the country receive during different parts of the year. Seasons 1. The Coral Sea was formed by the uplift of the Queensland continental shift. 2. The Murray River formed when Australia rose out of the sea, and salt water flowed away from land and back into a river. 3. The Kimberley Plateau was formed by volcanic activities, retreat of sea, and uplifting of land. 4. The Cape York Peninsula was created from the Great Dividing range when Australia collided into South America and New Zealand. 5. The Indian Ocean was created by breakup of Gondwana and separation of Australia from Antarctica. 6. The Australian Alps was formed when magma rose up to the surface of the gigantic continent, Gondwana. 7. Lake Eyre was formed by aeolian processes after tectonic upwarping occurred. 8. The Spencer Gulf was created when the crust on the edge of Australia spit. 9. The Great Victoria Desert was formed by a strong wind that reworked the sand into the east west during the last glacial period. 10. Cape Naturalist was formed when changes in sea level across the west coast of Australia occurred. Australia has a large range of climates. There are tropical regions and temperate regions in Australia. Tropical regions are located in the the north of the country while temperate regions are located in the south. Climate Biomes The biomes in Australia include coniferous forest (New South Wales), desert (western Australia), rainforest (Queensland), and grassland (southeastern Australia). Biomes exist in Australia because regions with different climates and environments exist within the country. Australia faces major drought problems. This is caused by the lack of rainfall that some part of the country receives. They also face problems with bush fire because some people use fire as a hunting and farming tool. Natural Disaster Bibliography
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