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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Chapter 23 Sec. 1 German Cities Militarism took place in Europe in the years leading up to World War I. The continental powers relied on forced military service to create large armies. The general staffs of European nations created detailed plans for war. London Militarism Advances in technology increased the destructive power of military forces. Machine guns and artillery fired more accurately and more rapidly than earlier weapons. Barbed wire could stop or slow enemy troops. U-boats, or submarines, were also devastating weapons in the war. Technology Advances The Triple Alliance. Following the unification of Germany in 1871, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck formed a series of alliances to strengthen his country's security. He first made an ally of Austria-Hungary. In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary agreed to go to war together if either country were attacked by Russia. Italy joined the agreement in 1882. The group then became known as the Triple Alliance. Triple Alliance The Triple Entente In 1904, the United Kingdom and France settled their past disagreements over colonies and signed the Entente Cordiale . Though the agreement contained no pledges of military support, the two countries began to discuss joint military plans. In 1907, the United Kingdom and Russia settled their differences in Asia. Russia then joined the alliance. This new Triple Entente existed mainly to combat the threat of Germanys growing power. Austin Parker Period 1
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