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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Aspergers Syndrome Asperger syndrome is a disorder on the autism spectrum, which is a group of conditions characterized by impaired communication and social interaction. Asperger syndrome is on the mild, or "high-functioning," end of the autism spectrum. Many affected individuals learn to compensate for their differences and live independent and successful lives. However, the behavior issues associated with this condition often lead to social isolation and difficulties at school, at work, and in personal relationships. The regularity of Asperger syndrome is not well known. Estimates range from 1 in 250 to 1 in 5,000 children. Three to four times as many males are affected than females. While genetics are believed to contribute to the development of Asperger syndrome, no related genes have been confirmed. It is unclear whether gene variations that are being studied in other autism type disorders will play a role in Asperger syndrome. It's pretty likely that a combination of genetics and environmental factors influence the development of this complex condition.Asperger syndrome is a disorder of brain development. Researchers have found differences in the structure and function of specific regions of the brain between children with Asperger syndrome and unaffected children. These differences probably arise during development before birth, when cells in the brain are moving to their proper place.The differences in brain development that come out in Asperger syndrome appear to affect areas of the brain involved in thought, behavior, and emotions, such as the prefrontal cortex, the amygdala, and the fusiform face area. In particular, cognitive functions called theory of mind, central coherence, and executive function are affected.
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