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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Physical symptoms include > severe weight loss> fatigue/exhaustion> hypotension> hypothermia> osteoporosis> arrhythmia Psychological symptoms include> underweight patients believe they are overweight> frequently weigh themselves> not eating/refusing to eat> self denial> lying about what they have eaten> over-exercising How is it diagnosed?The family physician will talk to the patient first and ask physical as well as psychological related questions about their health. The physician may also detect a low BMI, irregular heart rhythm, gastrointestinal disturbances, and other signs indicating anorexia nervosa and will then do a diagnostic test. If results meet the diagnostic criteria, the patient will most likely be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. Genetic Basis> Often begins during adolescence> Researchers found that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) could play a role in the genetic basis of the disorder> OPRD1 - previous studies suggests that this genetic region is linked to anorexia> CHD10-CHD9 - previous research by Hakonarson linked this genetic region with autismThe genetic basis affects the nervous systembecause it is believed that these genes influencehow brain cells comunicate with each other. Psychotherapy> Develop healthy attitudes towards food and body weight> Learn positive ways to effectively respond to stress or difficult situations> Family members need to understand the disorder and be able to identify signs and symptoms> Support from family and friendsMedication> May prescribe medication to control anxiety or anti-depressantsNutrition Counseling> Regain a healthy body weight, a balanced diet, and maintain good healthHospitalization> In cases of malnutrition, constant refusal to eat, or psychiatric emergencies, the patient may need to be hospitalized A mental illness where patients have forced themselves to significantly reduce their foodintake due to irrational fear ofbeing or becoming overweight. Statistics: Combined twin and family study of anorexia nervosa> 56% of the 25 female monozygotic twin pairs have the disorder> 5% of the 20 dizygotic twin pairs have the disorder> Nearly 5% of other female first degree relatives have ahistory of the disorder Anorexia Nervosa
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