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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Otto Messmer was a skilled screen cartoonist and his main contributionto animation was the overall craft of character animation. Messmers most famous piece of work is Felix the Cat,but some of his other works include: "Them Were the HappyDays" and "Motor Mat" which was never released. History of Animation acting classes can helpyour chances of gettinga gig in 1832 George Melies; known as the cinemagician for his early use of visual special effects, Melies used one shot views on his camera and his main contribution to animation was the discovery of scale, multiplication and transitions. Some of the films that Melies produced are: La Caverne Maudites (The Cave of the Demons), La Lune a un Metre (A Trip to the Moon) and La Voyage a Travers limpossible (The Impossible Voyage). Charles Reynaud is most renowned for his development of the praxinoscope in 1877.Reynaud also created a device called the Theatre Optique This device was difficult to use though so was not popular. Some of Reynauds works include: Pauvre Pierrot (a short film), the praxinoscope and A Good Beer (hand painted film). Walt Disney is most famous for his use of the Cel (celluloid) animation technique this consists of the use of paintings done on transparent sheets which are then layered with other sheets containing backgrounds.The sheets contain drawings/paintings of the characters during various stages of movement which are then switched between to create the illusion of movement.Some of Walt Disneys most renowned works include: Snow White and the Seven Dwarves 1937, Peter Pan 1953 Bambi 1942,Sleeping Beauty 1959 and Dumbo 1941. Joseph Plateau developed the phenakistoscope; a device with two spinning disks with slits that allowed viewers to see the moving images during different stages of animation in the reflection of a mirror. William George Horner is most renowned for his creationof the zoetrope in 1834.The zoetrope is a more sophisticated version of the phenakistoscope no longer needing the use of mirrors and allowing several people toview it at a time. 1896 Winsor McCay was famous for his technique of drawing each individual cartoon to create a film also known as key frame animation which was slow and required numerous drawing. McCay used registration linesto keep his backgrounds aligned during each frame and whathe called the McCay Split System where key poses of the character were drawn and the blanks filled in when needed.He also reused his drawings to avoid repetitious work.Some of his works include: Gertie the Dinosaur and Little Nemo 1911 1834 1923 Hanna Barbera produced sketched cartoons. They managed to use ways to limit the need for having to change the drawing constantly, by having a necktie or collar on characters so that their body remained still and only the head and face required redrawing. Some of Barberas works include: Yogi Bear 1988, The Flintstones1960 and Tom and Jerry 1940. Pixar began the revolution in the film industry, creating films using only computer animation. Computer animation involves using 3D and 2D graphics to create movement. Some of their works include: Brave 2012, Cars 2006 and Toy Story 1995. 1915 1877 1940 Aardman produces films using the claymation technique. This involves creating individual clay figures for each motion of every character and movements in the animations. some of their works include: Chicken Run 2000, Shaun the Sheep 2007 and Flushed Away 2006. 1995 1972
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