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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Structure and Function of Animal Cell Organelles The nucleus is a double membrane organelle that contains the cells hereditary information. The nucleolus is a non-membrane bound organelle. It is made up of RNA and protein, and its main job is to make ribosomes for the cell. double click to changethis text! Drag a cornerto scale proportionally. RNA: Ribonucleic Acid Above is a picture of a Mitochondra. It is a double membraneorganelle. It is madeof protein and In the video below it states that its job is to convertglucose into energy through cellular respiration. Vesicles help to transportproteins in and out of thecell. It is basically a smallbubble that contains fluid.The vesicle is also made bythe Golgi Apparatus. The Golgi Apparatus ismade of carbohydrates. Its main job is to modify proteins and "package" them for distributioninside the cell. Vacuoles are membranes made of protein that store water.They are used as a temporary storage place and they help kill Bacteria. Vesicles help to transport proteins in and out of the cell. It is basically a smallbubble that contains fluid. Vesicles are made by the Golgi Apparatus. Lysosomes are membrane bound vesicles that are formed in the endoplasmic reticulum. They have strong digestive enzymes, and as it says in thevideo they help to "recycle" old structures. Ribosomes help tomake the proteinfor the cell. Rough/Smooth ER is an organelle made of protein. The ER will modify the protein so it can then beused on other organelles. Cilia and Flagella are formed by microtubules. The microtubules are attached to dynein arms (which is protein). feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=z0CJZ9ulAdo Peroxisome is a small organelle that is found in the cytoplasm. It destroys toxins that are harmful to the cell.(Contain protein/enzymes) The Cytoskeleton transports proteins and acts as the framework for the cell. Cytosol/Cytoplasm is a gel-like structure that holds all the cells sub-structures in place to keep them from moving. The centriole is a small cylinder-like organelle. This organelle helps a cell to divide. They get there protein from the Cytoskeleton. The plasma membrane is a membrane of lipids and proteins. It helps to form the boundaries for the cytoplasm or help enclose the vacuole. DNA contains the genetic information for all cells so it can create protein.
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