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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 African Americans and Their Involvement in War Revolutionary War Fought for both the British and the Americans during the war, both based on the promise of freedom in return for service. Although the soldiers did not get their freedom as promised, it changed some peoples' perspectives on slavery. Civil War After two years of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln decided to reconsider allowing black soldiers to fight. An act was passed on July 17, 1862 that allowed him to employ African-Americans into the military. However, the first official call for black soldiers was issued by Governor John A. Andrew of Massachussets, an abolitionist. More than 1000 men responded willingly to his call. WWII Andrew Savage The Tuskegee Airmen were a famous group of African-American pilots who wererenowned for their distinction and flying style during WWII. Robert M. Alexander, and African-American veteran of WWII, recalls one of his experiences,"I was put on a train with about 200 other black soldiers...we passed through Charleston, West Virginia. When we got in the station there, the ladies of the Confederate were outside thestation passing out magazines, fruit, and cakes and cookies to white soldiers, ignored theblack troops...Fortunately, we had a commander who was black but looked like a white man...went outside and collected fruit and magazines and newspapers for us, candy, cookies, and brought them to us. Avoid a riot, avoid our having been court-martialed, and my having spendmany years in Leavenworth." (Alexander, n.p.) 78% of black males were placed in service branches of the military, in comparison to the only 40% of white males in service positions. Korea African-Americans played an important part in the Korean War. In October of 1951, the all-black24th Infantry Regiment disbanded, effectively ending segregation in the U.S. Army. Near the end of the Korean War, hundreds of African-Americans held command positions andparticipated in elite units in the U.S. military. This forever changed the U.S. military by offeringleadership positions to blacks, as well as simply allowing African-American soldiers to fight sideby side with their differently-colored brothers and sisters. Vietnam Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. described the Vietnam conflict as, "a white man's war,a black man's fight." He states that there is a disproportionate amount of African-Americansin the war. African-Americans made up 12.6% of the soldiers fighting in Vietnam,and made up 14.9% of all the soldiers who died in Vietnam.
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