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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 vs Women Race Rebellions Boycotts Abolitionist Movement (early 1700s-1863) Tactics William Lloyd Garrison believed the Constitutionsupported slavery, so he tried winning emancipation by passing new laws.Arthur and Lewis Tappan believedpolitical action was necessary, so they formed the Liberty Party, which was overruled by the Whig Party,who elected James K. Polk as president, a slaveholder. Others, like Frederick Douglass, formed anti-slavery newspapers to spread the word about abolitionism. Many abolitionists were against women'sparticipation. Garrison, however, insisted thatwomen speak at meetings. Two important womenwere Sarah and Angelina Grimke, two sisters from South Carolina. In 1840, Sojourner Truth joined the anti-slavery cause. Truth was a former slave who believed her life'smission was to preach about truth and God at revival meetings. Black Americans felt the anti-slavery movement waspersonally tied to them, but white Americanssaw them as inferior, so not many were allowed to speak.Martin Delany founded the Mystery, a highly respected newspaper. He was a supporter of colonization, which was returning blacks to Africa. Delany was also close to Douglass, who started the newspaper the North Star. Douglass was an extremely influentialanti-slavery supporter.Also a former slave, he escaped and used his rare skill of readingand writing to become known. Punishment Known as the Free Produce Movement, manySoutherners boycotted Northern manufactured itemsas a result of anti-slavery propaganda. Boycotting started with the abolitionists, whowere originally boycotting slave-made products. Many slaves and former slaves, such as Nat Turner, created rebellions on slave owners. Nat Turner'sparticular rebellion happened August 21. He and his men killedsixty white men, women and children in Virginia. In response, random blacks were killed all over the South, their headsplaces on roads as warnings. Many slaveholders kept a closeeye on their slaves after these uprisings. The gag rule was one of many laws passed by Southerners in response to abolitionists. The gag rulewas a prohibition on anti-slavery petitionsfrom being read or acted upon in the House for eightyears. Slaves who ran away or were part ofrebellions were severely punishedby their owners. Punishments included broken feet, slashed ankles, and cut tongues. In 1863, during the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln wrote the Emancipation Proclamation. It said, all slaves in rebellious slaves "shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free." It did not actually free any slaves, it was however, a turning point in the War. North South
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