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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF HIV/AIDS? HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that effects millions of people around the world, AIDs, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is the most advanced stage of HIV HIV is a virus that is spread through needle sharing and unprotected sex. New HIV infections based on Transmission Categories Stage 1: Stage 2: Stage 3: (AIDS) HIV PREVALANCE IN ADULTS Treatments & Medications TESTING FOR HIV Stages and Symptoms The First stage of HIV is called acute infection, it occurs about 6 weeks after becoming infectedIt is the result of the body is fighting the HIV virus. The symptoms during this stage mirror those of other viral infections like the flu. These symptoms last for about two weeks and then go away completely as the virus goes into non-symptomatic stage. The second stage is the asymptomatic period which can last up to 10 years.There are no symptoms during this stage but the HIV is working to destroy your immune system and CD4 T-cells. The count of the CD4 T-cells constantly drops making people vulnerableto other infections putting them at risk of developingAIDS. AIDS is the most advanced stage of the HIV virus. Patients are diagnosed with AIDS when their CD4 T-cell count is under 200 (a healthy person would have400-1400 per microliter of blood). Some symptoms include: Continual tirednessSwollen lymph nodes in neck or groin Fever that last longer than 10 days Night SweatsUnexplained weight lossShortness of breathYeast Infections Easy bruising and unexplined bleeding 73% of people newly infected with HIV (as of 2006) are male 27% of people newly infected with HIV (as of 2006) are male There is no cure for HIV because the virus is always mutating,but there are different treatments and medications that can make living with HIV/ AIDS manageable. HIV is being treated now with what is called a "cocktail" which works in a wayso that if the virus gets around one drug there is another one that can fight the virus and stop it from duplicating. There are manydrugs that are used in these cocktails and theyall have fairly common side effects like any other drug. Enzyme-linked immunesorbent assay (ELISA) is usually the first test used to detect HIV.If it comes out positive than the test willbe repeated to confirm the infection. If it is negative no other tests are needed becausethe chance of getting a incorrect read within the first fewweeks of being infected is low.
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