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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Manner of articulation is the configuration and interaction of the articulators (speech organs such as the tongue, lips, and palate) when making a speech sound. In producing a stop consonant, we block the airow briey,then let it go abruptly. STOPS PTK The voicless stops BDG The voiced stops the word( pet )begins and ends with voiceless stopsand( bed )with voiced stops. To produce a fricative, we almost block the airow and force it through a narrow gap,creating a type of friction. Fricatives vðzʒ fθs ʃ h voiced versions voiceless forms the word sh begins and ends with voiceless fricatives. so the word those begins and ends with voiced fricatives Affricates When we combine a brief stopping of the airow with a release through a narrow gap, we produce the voiceless affricate [[ʧ], at the beginning of cheap, and the voiced affricate [ʤ] at the beginning of jeep The words morning, knitting and name begin and end with nasals, all voiced. Nasals Most sounds are produced orally,with the velum raised, preventing airow from entering the nasal cavity.When the velum is lowered, allowing air to ow out through the nose,we can produce the nasals [m], [n] and [ŋ] The [r] sound in red and write is formed with the tongue tip raised and curled back near the alveolar ridge. Liquids We describe the production of the two voiced sounds [l] and [r] as liquids. The [l] sound,as in led and light, is formed by letting the air ow around the sides of the tongue as the tip touches near the alveolar ridge. The words we, wet, yes and you begin with glides (also called semi-vowels The voiced sounds [w] and [j] are described as glides because they are produced with the tongue in motion (or gliding) to or from the position of a vowel. Glides
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