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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 3D Organ Printing Kidney Lungs + Airways Veins and Arteries Researchers have designed a printer that can print kidney cells - and the biomaterials to hold cells together. One in 10 American adults, more than 20 million, have some level of CKD. Researchers have developed the creation of a printed airway splint, giving newborns with tracheomalacia a chance to breath on their own. These advances in medicine is being calledthe golden age of bioprinting. In January 2014, doctors at the University of Michigan performed an eight-hour long surgery on a 16 month old boy, implanting a special 3D-printed splinter to support the baby's windpipe that would help him breathe. According to UNOS, 100,299 patients are currently awaiting a transplant. More than 70% of those patients need kidney transplants. Many people experience clogged arteries or damaged veins in their life. Bioprinting these needed vessels can save countless lives. Approx. every 1 out of 50 people have unruptured aneurysms (balloning of a weak spot in an artery) that, if burst, could very likely be fatal. The researchers first used a 3D bioprinter to make an agarose fiber template to serve as the mold for the blood vessels. They then covered the mold with a gelatin-like substance called hydrogel, forming a cast over the mold which was then reinforced via photocrosslinks. cine 3D printing of human tissue and organs opens many newopportunities for medical breakthroughs, including being able to get a custom fit organ transplant and not having to wait for a donor. "3D printing's ability to manufacture highly customised human organs and anatomical parts will raise inevitable ethical and moral dilemmas"
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