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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Its a brand of closed-cell polystyrene, a hard petroleum-based plastic, with very good insulation properties. This is a lightweight material,about 95% air , used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, rubber and resins. What is styrofoam? Why is so dangerous? The biggest environmental health concern is the danger associated with styrene, the basis building of styrofoam.Styrene is classified as a possible human carcinogen by the EPA and by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). About 90,000 workers exposed to styrene have health effectsas irritation of the skin, eyes, and upper respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal effects. Chronic exposure affects the central nervous system. Toxic chemicals leach out of these products into the food that they contain, affecting human health and reproductive systems. Environmental health effects Is manufactured by using hydrofluorocarbons, which have negative impacts on the ozone layer and global warming.The process of making polystyrene pollutes the air and creates large amounts of liquid and solid waste. The National Bureau of Standards Center for Fire Research identified 57 chemical byproducts released during the combustion of polystyrene foam. Is made with petroleum, a non-sustainable and heavily polluting resource. Can break up into pieces that choke animals and clog their digestive systems. By the natural way, it takes between 100 and 1000 years to disintegrate. Styrofoam wastes end up in our landfills and waterways, forming a plastic soup which is then consumed by wildlife. Non-sustainable General use around the world. Statistical data In Mexico:13 thousands of millions of styrofoams pieces are consumed each year, which represents 350 thousand tons.There is only one business that recollects 400 tons of styrofoam (0.1 % of the total annual consumption)Plastics are the least product being recycled each year.About 6% of every plastic product in Mexico is styrofoam.In 2011 Mexico consumed 356,000 tons of styrofoam.Distrito Federal is the biggest plastic producer in Mexico. In United States: Americans throw away 25 billion styrofoam coffee cups every yearIn New York City alone, 850,000 Styrofoam trays are used per dayEach year American throw away 25,000,000,000 Styrofoam cups. STYROFOAM Solution Proposal BUILDING MATERIAL MADE WITH STYROFOAM First step:Make conscious about the recycling of styrofoam and collect wastes.¿How can the building material be made with styro?A combination of cement, gravel, sand and little styrofoam spheres will produce a resistant, thermal, light, cheap and waterproof building material. Design:Once we have this material we would be able to make a kind of panel of it,this would be produce in a similar way as the cardboard or other sheets/panels.Uses: With this final product we would be able to create a lot more variety of products, for example we could use it as a ceiling for the rainy days or in the windows in the cloudy days. Because it is made like a sheet it´does not have to be permanently placed, allowing us to use it for different things. Many other product are made with this laminated system, so we thinks that it up on each one to give this product a creative use. Benefits Environmental: It promotes the styrofoam recycling, decreasing the amounts of wastes and chemical emissions.Social: It will be used in rural communities, where there isnt enough material for building houses. These constructions protect the people against low temperatures and rains. It also make conscious in people to recycling styro for good causes. Economic: Its very cheap because half of the materials are recycled and the other can be produced by the own communities. It also helps people by producing new jobs. References: Secretaria de Desarrollo Económico. (2007) El sector de productos de plástico en México y en Nuevo León: Estadística básica. [Online] Available from: Resource.(s/f) Polystyrene Foam Repot. [Online] Available from: K. (s/f) How Styrofoam is bad for the environment. [Online] Available from:ánchez A. (2014) Reciclaje de unicel, un negocio desperdiciado. [Online] Available from: Petroquímica. (2012) Presente futuro de la industria del plástico en México. [Online] Available from:
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