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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Korean War North of the 38th parallel was Communist backed by Russia. South of it was US backed. North Korea made a surprise sweep into the South. Truman was forced to use containment by supporting South Korea, so MacArthur led a force of 15 UN nations and won with an amphibious landing at Inchon. China sent 300,000 troops to North Korea and captured Seoul. MacArthur wanted to nuke China, attempted to go over the president's head, and was fired. A ceasefire was signed, A demilitarized zone was established that still separates the North and South. Kim Il Sung led North Korea, followed by Kim Jong Il. North Korea's economy struggled, but the South was successful. Vietnam War Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese Nationalist turned Communist, revolted against French occupation. Ho beat France at Dien Bien Phu. Eisenhower was concerned that more countries would become Communist due to Domino Theory. A conference divided Vietnam at 17 north latitude. Diem was assassinated and the Vietcong gained strength. North Vietnam attacked US destroyers at the Gulf of Tonkin. We entered the war with 500,000 troops and used bombing. However, the government in the South was increasingly unpopular. The war was unpopular in the US. Nixon began withdrawing troops and Vietnamization increased the South's power. The North overran the South two years later. 1.5 million fled the country, Cambodia Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge led a brutal Communist regime that killed 2 million people. The Vietnamese overthrew and set up a new government that eventually became democratic,
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