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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Vietnam War Key Players: Dwight Eisenhower Eisenhower clarifies the domino theory; if Vietnam falls to communism, the rest of Southeast Asia would follow, like a line of dominos. Sends troops to South Vietnam Hio Chi Minh Ho Chi Minh and communist North Vietnam creates a new communist guerilla army of South Vietnam, the Vietcong In the Vietnam war he lead the North Vietnamese in an effort to expel the U.S. forces, crush the South Vietnamese government, and reunify the country. John F. Kennedy Kennedy tripled the amount of American economic and military aid to the South Vietnamese. He refused to withdraw from the escalating conflict in Vietnam. Ngo Dinh Diem Pro-Western South Vietnam, led by dictator Ngo Dinh Diem. Ngo Dinh Diem even tries to send villagers to strategic hamlets, fortified areas that prevent villagers from helping the Vietcong. Ngo Dinh Diem (Catholic) refuses to allow traditional practice of Buddhism. People protest and several die; protests continue and Generals plot Diems downfall When and Where: The Vietnam War took place in Vietnam and Southeast Asia from November 1, 1955 to April 30, 1975 The Problem: The North Vietnamese government and the Vietcong were fighting to reunify Vietnam under communist rule. Key Events: Lyndon Johnson Johnson will not attack the Ho Chi Minh Trail; those countries are not in the war. Johnson fears attacking North Vietnam; China might enter the war. Limits he places on war make it hard to win; cannot conquer territory, but rather conduct body counts. This is known as fighting a war of attrition, trying to defeat the enemy forces by slowly wearing them down. Vietnam War BeginsAugust 2, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats fired on us; Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin resolution;president can take any means necessary to winTacticsVietcong attacks using booby traps and guerilla tactics; destructive We drop napalm, jellied gasoline, to burn hidden Vietcong and Agent Orange, a chemical that kills all vegetation,to turn jungles into wasteland; no place to hideProblemsSouth Vietname wants Vietcong to winNorth Vietnamese army assistsThe Ho Chi Minh Trail was a major North Vietnamese supply line that ran from North Vietnam to South Vietnam through Laos and Cambodia and helped resupply the Vietcong and the North Vietnamese Army with manpower and material throughout the war.
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