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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Additional Facts/Statistics Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Is characterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead you to do repetitive behaviors (compulsions). Symptoms Who does the disease affect? Treatments PrescriptionSSRI: Fluoxetine (Prozac), Paroxetine (Paxil), Fluvoxamine, Citalopram (Celexa), Escitalopram (Lexapro), Sertraline (Zoloft)Other treatments: Clomipramine (Anafranil), Buspirone, Venlafaxine (Effexor)Also commonLifestyle: PsychoeducationTherapies: Rational emotive behavior therapy, Systematic desensitization, Psychotherapy, Exposure and response prevention, Group psychotherapy, Aversion therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Support groupSpecialistsClinical psychologist: Treats psychological disorders.Psychiatrist: Treats mental disorders. Symptoms usually include both obsessions and compulsions. But it's also possible to have only obsession symptoms or only compulsion symptoms. About one-third of people with OCD also have a disorder that includes sudden, brief, intermittent movements or sounds (tics). Millions of people are affected by OCD. Current estimates are that approximately 1 in 40 adults in the U.S. (about 2.3% of the population) and 1 in 100 children have this condition. Obsessions often have themes to them, such as:Fear of contamination or dirtHaving things orderly and symmetricalAggressive or horrific thoughts about harming yourself or othersUnwanted thoughts, including aggression, or sexual or religious subjects. As with obsessions, compulsions typically have themes, such as:Washing and cleaningCountingCheckingDemanding reassurancesFollowing a strict routineOrderliness 1.2 % of the adults met full criteria for OCD in the 12 months prior to the study, and 2.3% met the criteria for a diagnosis of OCD at some point in their lives thats over 5 million Americans, or approximately 1 in 40 adults. It is indicated that more than one quarter of the adults experienced obsessions or compulsions at some time in their lives. In other words, more than a fourth of the adults over 60 million people experienced OCD symptoms OCD as one of the top 20 causes of illness-related disability, worldwide, for individuals between 15 and 44 years of age. The age of onset is typically reported as 6 - 15 for males and 20 - 29 for females and is usually by the age of 40.
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