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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 SYMPTOMS: AFFECTS/ TREATMENTS: -lack of desire for intimacy-avoid close relationships-"loner"-lack of social skills-hard time expressing emotion Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizoid personality disorder is an uncommon condition in which people avoid social activities and consistently shy away from interaction with others. It affects more males than females. If you have schizoid personality disorder, you may be seen as a loner, and you may lack the desire or skill to form close personal relationships. Its incidence is below 1% - 3% of the entire population. Medications: the most helpful medications are the antipsychotics that have been shown to control symptoms such as illusions and phobic anxiety, among others. Amoxapine (trade name Asendin), is a tricyclic antidepressant with antipsychotic properties, and has been effective in improving schizophrenic-like and depressive symptoms in schizotypal patients. Other antidepressants such as fluoxetine (Prozac) have also been used successfully to reduce symptoms of anxiety, paranoid thinking, and depression. Counseling: Cognitive approaches will most likely focus on attempting to identify and alter the content of the schizotypal's thoughts. Distortions that occur in both perception and thought processes would be addressed. An important foundation for this work would be the establishment of a trusting therapeutic relationship. This would relax some of the social anxiety felt in most interpersonal relationships and allow for some exploration of the thought processes. Constructive ways of accomplishing this might include communication skills training, the use of videotape feedback to help the affected person perceive his or her behavior and appearance objectively, and practical suggestions about personal hygiene, employment, among others. Who does this affect? This can affect anyone, male or female, any race. The most common is younger males. FACTS: Since schizotypal personality disorder originates in the patient's family of origin, the only known preventative measure is a nurturing, emotionally stimulating and expressive caretaking environment. The top five schizoid personality disorder symptoms are:-Appearing distant and detached-Appearing dull and humorless-Engaging in excessive daydreaming including creating vivid fantasies of complex inner lives-Not wanting and avoiding close relationships, including those with family-Being indifferent to praise or criticism and exhibiting little observable change in mood Genetic and environmental factors both come into play for schizoid personality disorder. Some mental health professionals speculate that a bleak childhood lacking in warmth and emotion contributes to this disorders development. zoe frazier
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