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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 20132012201120102009200820072006 Hinduism is the world's oldest living religion, with no clear origin or founder Hinduism 900 million followers worldwide Increase in awareness of the causes of malaria Religions that branch off ofHinduism include Vaishnavism,Saivism Shaktism, Smartism Hinduism is most commonlypractised in India and Nepal.This is also where the religion originated. All Hindu deities symbolize one abstract God/Supreme Being/Brahman. Hindus believe in reincarnation (continuous cycle of death and rebirth) The hindu sacred texts include the Vedas:a collection of hymns, prayers and magic spells around 3000 years old. Upanishads: stories and parables told by guru to theirstudents.The Mahabharata: the world's longest poem written about 9th century BC. The Ramayana: a story of the god Rama and the rescue of his wife from the evil demon king. Hindus worship in temples or homes. The temple is the God's home on earth while themost holy part of the temple is an inner shrine called a garbhagriha. At the home of a hindu, a decorated shrine that serves as an altar for worship can be found. Salvation (or Moksha) is when an enlightened human being is freed from the cycle of life-and-death and becomes one with God and is attained through human actions. Attained through:Way of Action: This involves carrying out certain religious ceremonies, duties and rites. The Way of Knowledge: This requires using your mind and philosophy to come to a complete comprehension of the universe.The Way of Devotion: Salvation is reached through acts of worship.The Royal Road: The use of meditation and yoga techniques. The basis of Hindu ethics is this: There is one shared Atman or Self. One life (soul) vibrates in all beings (animals and humans). there is a shared consciousness. If you help another person, you help yourself. If you injure another creature, you really injure yourself. Hindus believe marriage and having children (especially a son as only they can perform funeral rights that enable a man's soul to go to heaven)are the key to a successful family. Husbands work to provide for the family, be faithful to wife, arrange marriages for son or daughter. Wives cook, clean the home, perform religious rites and organize celebrations, manage household expenses, bring up children and teach daughters how to perform these tasks. In Hinduism people are part of different groups called varnas. These are: Brahmins (priests and teachers)Kshatriyas (warriors, rulers, administrators and leaders of society) Vaishyas (traders and merchants)Shudras (a variety of jobs, serving the needs of the other three varnas) The doctrine of karma says that every thought and action results in certain consequences. Hindus believe that all suffering is due to one's own past actions, in this or in a previous life. Hindu scriptures reflect a deep fascination with and commitment to justice.The earliest narratives identify justice with the work of a God. Hindus tend to worship god in nature. In the Morning and Evening most Hindus stand in water and wash themselves as a part of worship of god/ spiritual advancement. Sacrifice is also an important ritual. Yoga is another act of worship. Virtually every aspect of Hindu life, in fact, is marked by ritual actions. Diwali or Deepwali - Festival of Lights: the biggest of all Hindu festivals. It is marked by four days of celebration, which literally illuminates the country and homes with lights symbolizing enjoyment and goodness In all Hindu shrines one moves clockwise around the central image before approaching the god. Shoes should always be removed before entering a Hindu temple, and bells are rung to get the Gods attention. One of the most common symbols in Hinduism is the Sanskrit letter om. It is the first letter of the sacred alphabet, and the first sound in the cosmos, making it the first principle of the universe. Lotuses symbolize purity. They begin in the mud, and grow up through the water. When they open, the flower is pure and cleansed. The most common symbolic gestureis the anjali mudra. When Hindus meet one another or God they place their palms together and bow, saying "Namaste" as a symbol of respect The abhaya mudra is the gesture of "no fear" made by opening the palm outward, oftendisplayed by gods and goddesses to symbolize their protective abilities.
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