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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 LegislativeBranch ExecutiveBranch JudgicalBranch branches Branches supreme court Senate House of Representatives Vice President President Cabinet The Cabinet includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executivedepartments. The president is the leader of our countryand if he/she abuses their power they can get Impeached and the vice presidentwill become president. Every day, the President of the United States is faced with scores of decisions, each with important consequences for Americas future. Checks and Balances It usually consists of a court of final appeal together with lower courts. In many jurisdictions, the judicial branch has the power to change laws through the process of judicial review. Supreme Court has 9 justices, 8associate justices and 1 chief justice. The US Court of Appeals oversees US District Courts, US executive administrative agencies as well US Court of International Affairs and US claims courts. All three branches are involved.Executive executes the law,Legislative pass the law andJudicial enforces the law. They decide if a bill is constitutional or not. They create and pass bills. The Senate has 2 senators from each state. There are 435 Representatives in the House. and The 3 checks and balances They have to be a natural born U.S. citizen. Someone may be born abroad, but only if both parents were citizens of the United States. The only exception to this was for those around at the time the Constitution was adopted. Their requirement was that they had to be a citizen when the Constitution was adopted. The president must to be at least 35 years of age, a natural born citizen, and have lived in the United States for at least 14 years to be president. This does not have to be consecutive or even the 14 years leading up to becoming president. To be a senator a person mustbe at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years, and have fulfilled the requirements for residency in the state that person wishes to represent. Each representative must be at least twenty-five years old and has been a citizen of the United States for the past seven years (at the time of the election).They must be a resident of the state they represent. Members are not required to live in the district they represent, but they traditionally do. There are no specific age requirements given in the Constitution for becoming a Supreme Court justice. They are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate. They serve for life and cannot be removed unless they are impeached. They can impeach the president if he is unconstitutional. The Cabinet advises the president. V.P. becomes president if the other president gets impeached or dies. How they check on each other How the Judicial Branch checks on the Exec. Branch:The Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional. Congress can impeach judges and remove them from offices. They maintain the military. They investigate national issues and takes action if it's required. Responsible for financial aspects including spending or retrieving money both interstate and foreign. They are responsible for thetrial of any government official accused of committing a crime. Laws are written, discussed and voted on in Congress. Five tasks of the Exec. Branch:1. They enforce laws.2. They sign legislation from Congress into law or veto.3. They appoint heads or leaders of government agencies.4.The president shows diplomacy with other nations.5. The president is head of state and Commander in chief of armed forces.He signs treaties and grants pardons. The executive branch has independent agencies and Department heads (cabinet members. There are 15 departments in the Executive branch. They are:1. Dept. of State2. Dept. of Justice3. Dept. of Defense4. Dept. of Interior5. Dept. of Agriculture6. Dept. of Labor7. Dept. of Commerce8. Dept. of Treasury9. Dept. of Health and Human Services10. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development11. Dept. of Transportation12. Dept. of Energy13. Dept. of Education14. Dept. of Veterans' Affairs15. Department of Homeland Security The 5 tasks of the Judicial Branch are:1. Interpreting state laws2. Settling legal disputes3. Punishing violators of the law.4. Hearing civil cases.5. Protecting individual rights granted by state constitutions. The term checks and balances means a system that prevents one branch from becoming too powerful. They "check" on each other so the power in each branch stays "balanced". How the Executive Branch checks the Leg. Branch:The president can veto bills and get sent back to the legislative branch.If it continues to go back and forth, it will go to the judicial branch and they decide if it's constitutional or not. How the Executive Branch checks the Judicial Branch:The Executive branch appoints judges to Supreme Court and Federal Court. The president has the power to grant pardons on people who were convicted of a crime. How the Legislative Branch checks on the Judicial Branch:Congress makes lower courts, Senate has the power to reject Fed./Supreme Court nominees,Congress can override Supreme Court decisions regarding the Constitution, and Congress can impeach and have judges removed from their position. How the legislativeBranch checks theExec. Branch:The legislativeBranch can impeach the president, override a veto,withhold money, say no to treaties and declare war. How the Judicial Branch checks the Legislative Branch: The Supreme Court can decide if a president's actions are unconstitutional as well as treaties.
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