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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Downs Syndrome Downs Syndrome results when there are three copies of chromosome 21 instead of 2. During Pregnancy there are many tests to determine if a baby has Down Syndrome:1. Blood Test2. Ultrasound3. Amniocentesis4. Chorionic villus sampling5. CordocentesisAfter a baby is born, diagnosis is first based on appearance, then it is conformed with a chromosomal karyotype. What are the Symptoms? - Flattened facial features- Small head- Short neck- Protruding tongue- Upward slanting eyes, unusual for the child's ethnic group- Unusually shaped or small ears- Poor muscle tone- Broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm- Relatively short fingers and small hands and feet- Excessive flexibility- Tiny white spots on the colored part (iris) of the eye called Brushfield spots- Short height- Intellectual and development problems range from mild ro moderate- Some may have serious heart defects What are the causes? Are there tests? Living with Down Syndrome Current Research - Early Intervention is key to prevent long term problems.- Research to identify specific genes and conditions related to Down Syndrome.- Antioxidant Therapies. - Early Intervention is key!- Special programs for sensory, motor, and brain activities.- Working with therapists and special educators to help children develop motor skills, language, social skills and self-help skills.- Working with special doctors.- Support groups.- Higher Risk for Alzheimer disease.- Most people with Down Syndrome live full, rewarding lives! (Mayo Clinic) (Mayo Clinic) (Mayo Clinic) (Mayo Clinic) (Mayo Clinic) ** ALL CITES ON WORKS CITED PAGE IN PAPER BY Ms. Pelkey Who is impacted? Anyone! Risk factors include advanced maternal age, already having a child with Down Syndrome, and being a carrier.
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