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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Magna Charta The Magna Charta was the first grant by an English king to set detailed limits on royal authority. Through its statement of liberties, it sought to prevent the king from exploiting his power in arbitrary ways and it made clear that the king was subject to the law, not above it. King John is one of the more controversial monarchs of Medieval England and is most associated with the signing of the Magna Charta in 1215. King John was bornin 1167 and diedin 1216. The Magna Carta was signed in June 1215 between the barons of Medieval England and King John. "Magna Carta" is Latin and means "Great Charter".The Magna Carta was oneof the most importantdocuments of Medieval England. The document can be divided into sections The first clauses concern the position of the Catholic Church in England. Those that follow statethat John will be lessharsh on the barons. Many of the clauses concernEngland's legal system. Magna Carta promised laws thatwere good and fair. It states that everyone shall have access to courts and that costs and moneyshould not be an issue if someone wanted to take a problem to the law courts. It also states that no freeman (i.e. a person who was not a serf) will be imprisoned or punished without first going through the proper legal system. In future years the word "freeman" was replaced by "no one" to include everybody. The last few sections deal withhow the Magna Carta would be enforced in England. Twenty five barons were given the responsibility of making sure the king carried out what was stated in the Magna Carta - the document clearly states that they could use force if they felt it was necessary. To give the Magna Carta an impact, the royal seal of King John was put on it to show people that it had his royal support. This is the largest red seal at the bottom of the Magna Carta above. Only three of the original clauses in Magna Carta are still law. One defends the freedom and rights of the English church, another confirms the liberties and customs of London and other towns, but the third is the most famous:No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, nor will we proceed with force against him, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice
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