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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Fujian people have another family reunion dinner. At midnight, they pray to the jade Emperor. Eighth Day, Completion Day First Day, "Birthday of Chicken" The festival begins on the first day of the first lunar monthaccording to the Chinese calendar, and it ends on the fifteenth day.This is known as the Lantern Festival. The first day is called Yuan Dan, or First Morning of the Year, and during this day, visits are made to family and friends in order to strengthen bonds. Those whoare visited first are the eldest members. Bài nián means "wishing somebody a Happy New Year" or paying a New Year's call. There isthe tradition of presenting tea and sweets to guests. For instance, sugared fruit would be presented because it represents sweetening an individual's new year. Treats are served on an octagonal or roundtray to symbolize unity and therefore, it is given the name of the"Tray of Togetherness." The sweets are organized in eight units because the number eight signifies luck but sometimes, they are setup in nine units since the number nine represents affluence and strongfamily ties. Visitors bring a small gift to the household that is being visited; the gift is typically tangerines, oranges, mandarins, or other similar fruit. The fruit symbolizes gold. This day represents a fresh start and reviving hoped for acquiringwealth, happiness, and prosperity.The can be referred to by the following names: New Year (Chinese: xīnnián), Spring Festival(Chinese: chūn jié), and the Agricultural calendar new year, which is based on farmers' experiences (Chinese: nóng lì xīnnián).The calendar just mentioned had been advocated by the Emperor in thepast. It provided information about when to plant for the best results, and it created a connection between the Imperial Court and Heaven. The Buddhist vegetarian dish known as "Jai" is made with eighteen ingredients because the number eighteen symbolizes wealth and success. However, each individual ingredient represents somethingdifferent. On this day, avoiding the consumption of meat is believed to guarantee long life and that a vegetarian dish can purify the body.The former and the latter follow the Buddhist tradition of killing nothingthat is living on the first day of the New Year. The Chinese believe in the legend of Nüwa, the goddess who createdthe world. She formed specific animals on different days, so each day is the birthday of an animal. Humans were created from yellow clay on the seventh day after the world was created. Lion dances are performed on the streets, or troupes perform on private sites. During the festivals, Dragon Dances and Chinese operasare beloved spectacles. Second Day, "Birthday of Dog" For the second day of the lunar New Year, it is believed that oncesacrifices are offered, Tsai Shen, the God of Wealth, departs forheaven. People burn the picture that was welcomed on New Year's Eve and see the deity leave as they hope for a luckier year. To honor thedeity, wonton is eaten, which is in the shpe similar to that of an ingote,or a mass of metal. Married women visit their parents to pay respect,and prayers are made to gods and ancestors. Because the birthday of dogs is celebrated as well, strays and pets are fed a lot of food. Third Day, "Birthday of Pig" Families who lost a relative in the past three years do not visit houses in order to respect the dead. Instead, on the third day, it is the grave-visiting day. Some believe thathouse-visiting should not be done because evil spirits roam the earth. On this day, business are reopened, butconservative businesses do not open until after the fifth dayfor fear of the evil spirits. Prayers are held as well. Fourth Day, "Birthday of Sheep" The traditions carried out on the third day are continued on the fourth day. Fifth Day, "Birthday of Ox, Cattle" The fifth day is not only celebrated as the birthday of ox and cattle but as the birthday of the God of Wealth as well. Thus, respect is payed to Tsai Shen. It is considered wise to notleave a house unattended for a long time since the God of Wealth might visit. All businesses are opened, and sweepingthe floor is once again permitted. In northern China, dumplingsare eaten on the morning of break five. Classmates and friendsare visited. Essentially, this day has a connection to the five basiccolors, which are red, green, yellow, white, and blue-black, and tothe Five Elements Theory, a Taoist theory of the relation betweenYin and Yang. Sixth Day, "Birthday of Horse" Visits are made to relatives, friends, and temples. Seventh Day, "Birthday of Men" The seventh day of the first lunar month is called renrì, meaning Human Day. It is known as the Day of Men or Men Day as well. There is the legend that Nüwa and her brother, Fuxi, survived a destructive force that had annihilated all formsof life. They fled to the Kunlun Mountain to pray for a sign from the Emperor of Heaven, and the divine encouraged that theybecome "one," so they created the human race. Other versionsof the legend say that the siblings were actually wife and husband. Another legend says that Nüwa created animalsso that she would not be lonely and then, she created humans. These kinds of stories would be told on the seventh day.This day is when men grow one year older, and they celebrate by feasting on traditional foods. Vegetable dishes are commonly eatenas well as raw fish, known as yusheng, which symbolizes abundance.
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