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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 1652-Jan van Riebeeck founds the Cape Colony1795-British forces seize control1803-Territory is returned to the Dutch1806-Territory is then ceded back to the British1835 to 1840-Boers (Dutch) leave the Cape in the 'Great Trek'1840-The Orange Free State and Transvsaal are found by the Boers1852-British grantlimited self-government to the Transvaal1858-Boers proclaim Transvaal a republic1877-British annex the Transvaal1910-Formation of Union of South Africa by British colonies1914-National Party founded1934-South Africa declared an "independent sovereign state" out of British rule Timeline The turning point of the South African Independence movement was the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910 was the event that led to the creation of the National Party which would champion South African Independence and would be responsible for it as well. Motives double click to changethis text! Drag a cornerto scale proportionally. Influential People Hertzog: Was the founder of the National Party and Prime Minister of South Africa from 1924-1939 in which time they became independentSmuts: A general in WWI, used influence to help Hertzog to unite both Dutch and British ethic groups to rally for independence under the National Party.Malan: Created a party to oppose the united National Party and split what would have been a unified independence movement. "When in doubt, do something courageous" -Jan Smuts So What?The racial prejudice that South Africa was so well knownfor originated from these parties and would oppress the native, black ethnic group for the next six decades. The story of South Africa'sindependence is similar to that of our own because what was once colony became its own state, but it did so with the pen and not the sword. After having supported Great Britain in World War I by conquering a German colony in Africa, the Union of South Africa became very engrossed with nationalistic feelings. This with the fact that they were a mining capital of the world for diamonds and gold made them feel they were able to be an independent nation.However, they wanted to maintain a beneficial relationship with Great Britain so they were careful when gaining their independence. Obstacles The constant fighting between the Dutch "Boers" and British colonials made unification necessary to create an independence movement. A disagreement about how to gain independence also existed domestically and had to be overcome in order to make South Africa an independent state. South African Independence Created by Maggie Duggan and Justin Brouillette
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