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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Coniferous Forest - Taiga Animals living in the coniferous forest must have particular qualities for survival. For example lynx, wolves, eagles,beavers, and owls all have either thick fur or warmly-feathered strong wings. The coniferous forest, also known as Taiga, is a belt of forest found in the northern hemisphere. As the largestterrestrial biome, it extends over Alaska, Canada, Northern Europe and Northern Asia. The coniferous forest's vegetationis composed mostly of evergreen conifers (cone bearing trees), suchas pine, fur and softwood. It's biomeincludes these trees, other vegetationand carnivorous, omnivorous andherbivorous animals. As the trees in the coniferous forest are evergreen (retaining leaves), there is a lack of humus. This causes the soil tobe infertile, and there to be little variety in vegetation. Coniferous forests have two well defined seasons,with long cold snowy winters, and short, wet,humid summers. The Coniferous forest biome is a fragile structure of different organisms that rely heavily on each otherfor survival. The impact of humans, climate change andenvironmental pollution, all contribute to the damage of this delicate ecosystem. Deforestation and extensive logging cause the majority of human inflicted damage on the Coniferous forest. Softwood trees from the coniferous forests are logged in order to produce paper with the majority of the world's softwood trees being located in the coniferous forest biome. As the coniferous forestonly has a three month growing season annually (which occurs during the summer), it takes a long time to replace trees which are logged for paper. Further human impact comes from the burning of fossilfuels which acidifies the rain that falls on the forest, damaging the vegetation. When trees are cut down in the coniferous forest, it directlyaffects the animals that live there. Animals use the treesand shrubbery for food and shelter against prey and harsh weather,and as their habitat is reduced they are vulnerableto extinction. This in turn leads to a reduction in biodiversity,which in itselfthreatens the health of our overall ecosystem. Tess Dwyer-Long
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