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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 double click to change this title text! Marbury Vs. Madison (1803). 1.Establish the principle of judicial laws.2.The court ruled that the part of the Judiciary Act that gave the Supreme Court the power to order delivery of the Commission went against the Constitution.3.It strengthened the power of the judiciary by making it the final authority in interpreting the Constitution.4.It gave the right to the Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional. 1.The Supreme Court encouraged the growth of a national market with the Gibbons vs. Ogden decision.2.Chief Marshall ruled that congress could regulate ferry boats crossing the Hudson River between New York and New Jersey.3.Congress has the power under the Constitution to control "interstate commerce" (trade between states.)4.Established the federal government's right to regulate anything that involves commerce between states.5.It set the stage for future expansion of Congressional power over other activities once thought to be under the control of the states. 1.This case presented two issues; 1)does Congress have the power to create a bank even though it is not specified in the Constitution , and 2)does Maryland have the power to tax an institution of the federal government?2.Marshall decided that Congress could indeed charter a national, since this could help Congress carry out its other powers.3.The "elastic clause" in the Constitution gives Congress all those powers needed to carry out its power listed in the Constitution.4.The federal government has the right to establish a bank, and states have no right to interfere by taxing it. Gibbons Vs. Ogden (1824) McCulloch Vs. Maryland (1819) 1.Before he was appointed to the position of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court was often viewed as the weakest of the 3 branches.2.Marshall made the Supreme Court a new center of government power.3.The Marshall Court established the principle of judicial review. Chief Justice John Marshall Dred Scott Vs. Sandford 1. Dred Scott v. Sandford (argued 1856 - decided 1857), the Supreme Court ruled that Americans of African descent, whether free or slave, were not American citizens and could not sue in federal court. The Court also ruled that Congress lacked power to ban slavery in the U.S. territories.
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