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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 3 branches of government Legislative Branch Executive branch Judicial branch To pass legislation (laws)Declare warRegulate tradeRegulate moneyImpeach federal officialsOverride presidential vetoes (2/3 vote in each house) Who makes up this branch? It is made up of two houses- the Senate and The House of representative.The House of Representative has 435 elected members, and they are divided among the states proportion to the population. Also, there are 6 non-voting members.The Senate has 100 member and they have two per state. Requirements to become a member Members of the House are elected every two years and must be 25 years of age, a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and a resident of the state they represent. Enforce the laws passed by CongressIssue executive orders, enforcing the lawAct as the head of the federal bureaucracy and all federal agenciesNominate judges (including those to the Supreme Court, requiring Senate confirmation)Appoint government officials (some requiring Senate confirmation, some not) Who makes up this branch? The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.And also the vice president makes up the judicial branch Requirements to become a member Be a natural-born citizen of the United States; be at least thirty-five years old; have been a permanent resident in the United States for at least fourteen years. Interpret the lawExercise the power of judicial reviewChief Justice presides over trials of presidential impeachment Who makes up this branch? There are nine justices who sit on the Supreme Court. The odd number of justices is meant to reduce the chances of ties during cases , for the Supreme Court to decide a case, they simply need a majority of justices to agree. Requirements to become a member There are no specific requirement for judgeship in the Constitution Checks and balances These three branches are not independent of one another because the Constitution set up a system of checks and balances to help ensure that no one branch became too powerful. Each branch has powers that it can use to check and balance the operations and power of the other two branches The Legislative Branch is given the powers to make the laws. It has the following checks over the Executive Branch:May override presidential vetoes with a two-thirds voteHas the power over the purse strings to actually fund any executive actionsMay remove the president through impeachmentSenate approves treatiesSenate approves presidential appointmentsThe Legislative Branch has the following checks over the Judicial Branch:Creates lower courtsMay remove judges through impeachmentSenate approves appointments of judges Checks and balances The Executive Branch is given the power to carry out the laws. It has the following checks over the Legislative Branch:Veto powerAbility to call special sessions of CongressCan recommend legislationCan appeal to the people concerning legislation and moreThe Executive Branch has the following checks over the Judicial Branch:President appoints Supreme Court and other federal judges The Judicial Branch is given the power to interpret the laws. It has the following checks over the Executive Branch:Judges, once appointed for life, are free from controls from the executive branchCourts can judge executive actions to be unconstitutional through the power of judicial reviewThe Judicial Branch has the following checks over the Legislative Branch:Courts can judge legislative acts to be unconstitutional. Checks and balances
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