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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 What caused the American Industrial Revolution? Loss of territories - productive land,industries and raw resources Industrialization spread from Britain to other European countries,including Belgium, France and Germany, and to the United States. Steam power American Industrial Revolution Important Technological Developments The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, and the development of machine tools. It also included the change from wood and other bio-fuels to coal. Textiles were the dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution in terms of employment, value of output and capital invested. The textile industry was also the first to use modern production methods Another key innovation in textiles, the power loom, which mechanized the process of weaving cloth, was developed in the 1780s by English inventor Edmund Cartwright (1743-1823). .Wages for those who labored in factories were low and working conditions could be dangerous and monotonous. Unskilled workers had little job security and were easily replaceable Textile. In 1860 , an estimated one-fifth of the workers in Britains textile industry were younger than 15. In 1701, Jethro Tull invented an improved seed drill. As late as the 1900s most industrial workers in the United States still worked a 10-hour day yet earned from 20% to 40% less than the minimum deemed necessary for a decent life The British enacted legislation to prohibit the export of their technology and skilled workers; however, they had little success in this regard. By the early 20th century, the U.S. had become the worlds leading industrial nation.
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