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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Discussion Themes Continued Clayton, S. & Myers, G. (2009). "Attitudes, values, and perceptions." Conservation Psychology: Understanding and Promoting Human Care for Nature. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 15-33. Daily, G., Polasky, S., Goldstein, J., Kareiva, P., Mooney, H., Pejchar, L., Ricketts, T., Salzman, J., & Shallenberger, R. (2009). Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver. Frontier Ecology Environmental, 7 (1), 21-28. Maguire, L., & Justus, J. (2008). Why intrinsic value is a poor basis for conservation decisions. BioScience, 58(10), 910-911. Miller, J. (2005). Biodiversity conservation and the extinction of experience. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 20(8), 430-434. o Infrastructure: o Entertainment value *Varied depending on asset Cost analysis of movie night vs. natural area recreation facilities Movie night calculated using natural area recreation facility replacement cost: $4,049.92 Travel Cost: The time and travel cost expense incurred to visit a site. o Examples: *Bloomingdale Trail, IL $50-70 million*Red Rock State Park, AZ $17 million travel cost estimate/year Revenue could be applied toward research and conservation efforts* Rocky Mountain Arsenal, CO $3 million/year Revenue could be applied toward maintenance, education for conservation and preservation and research studies. Hedonic Pricing: A method of pricing that identifies price factors based certainexternal environmental or perceptual factors that can raise or lower the base price of that good. o Addition of aesthetic enjoyment *Increased property values*Influx of restaurants and entertainment Increased property values o Loss of aesthetic enjoyment *Loss of intrinsic value* Loss of instrumental value Property values Entertainment and restaurant revenues Loss of employment opportunities Extinction of Experience: The cycle of loss and disaffection resulting from a decline of connection with the world. o Decreased natural areas causes less engagement with natural experiences *Cycle continues until there is little to no connection with nature*People not moved to action unlessthere is a direct and personal connection with nature*If an area is no longer relevant few will be willing to invest in its preservation Class Examples of Placing Value on Biodiversity References Intrinsic Value: *Many examples in our discussion cited that their local parks were free and therefore their value was immeasurable. *The Little Miami bike trail in Ohio is a free bike trail that spans 75 miles. While the trail is free to its users, this natural space is generating business for shops and restaurants located along the trail that cater to the bikers. While still having a highintrinsic value for many people, the trail is also building its instrumental value.* Lyons and the Des Plains River Dam-The public originally placed more intrinsic value on a structure that was inhibiting the natural landscape. However, after its removal, the public began to see how the river became more open to the public. Replacement Value: *Queen Creek Wash in Arizona- Queen Creek Wash is a natural drainage ditch that operates as a recreational space to the local community and is incredibly valuable natural drainage passageway. Its eco-services would be expensive or impossible to replace. Instrumental value: * Great American Ball Park- When building a new stadium, the Citizens of Cincinnati where given the opportunity to vote on the placement of the park. The votingpopulation chose to place the park near the river, instead of restoring the river to a more natural state. This move closes off the river to the public since it isbeing built up.
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