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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Amendment 2- Bearing ArmsIt is necessary to maintain a militia of men ready to defend the country; Congress does not have the right to keep people from owning and carrying their own guns. Amendment 3-Quartering SoldiersDuring Peacetime, no soldier can be placed in a private home. Amendment 1- Freedom of Religion/Political FreedomsFive freedoms:1. Freedom of Religion2. Freedom of Speech3. Freedom of the Press4. Right to Assemble5. Right to Protest/Petition Amendment 4- Regulation of Search and SeizureThe government cannot searcha person, home, papers, his personal effects unless a proper search warrant has been authorized through the court. (Must include why the search must be made and exactly who or what is expected to be found. Amendment 5- Protection of Persons and the PropertyNo one can be held in jail for a crime unless a Grand Jury determines there is enough evidence for a trial.1. No one can be tried for the same crime twice.2. Right to remain silent- one does not have to testify against himself.3. All citizens are entitled to the due process of law. All citizens are entitled to all courses of the law before the government can take away life, liberty, or property.-The government cannot take private property for public use (to build a highway, for example) without paying a fair market value to the owner. Amendment 6- Right of Persons Accused of a CrimeCitizens have a right to a "speedy" trial; protects people against being held without knowing what they are being charged with for an excessive amount of time- Habeas Corpus. Amendment 7- Right of Trial by JuryIn civil criminal cases, defendants have a right to a jury of peers. However, this is not true in non-criminal matters and in the military. Amendment 8- Protection Against Excessive Fines, Bail, PunishmentThis Amendment protects against overzealous and unreasonable treatment of the citizens by the court. Amendment 9- Guarantee of Unspecified RightsThis Amendment has been interpreted to protect "natural rights" including life, liberty, and the right to pursue happiness including the freedom of choice in the basic decisions of one's life with respect to marriage, divorce, and the education and upbringing of children. The colonists did not want a tyrant or a tyrannical government to control certain aspects of their life. However, many of these rights can be regulated by the state government. Amendment 10- Powers Reserved to the States and the PeopleThe government powers not listed in the Constitution are powers that the states, or the people of those states, can have. This Amendment guarantees that the federal government cannot usurp power from the states by claiming powers not delegated to it by the Constitution. The Constitution leaves it to the states to make laws about marriage, divorce, education, zoning, public health, driving regulations, state roads, among others. States Listed in Order of Ratification1. Delaware- December 7, 17872. Pennsylvania- December 12, 17873. New Jersey- December 19, 17874. Georgia- January 2, 17885. Connecticut- January 9, 17886. Massachusetts- February 6, 17887. Maryland- April 28, 17888. South Carolina- May 23, 17889. New Hampshire- June 21, 178810. Virginia- June 25, 178811. New York- July 26, 178812. North Carolina- November 21, 178813. Rhode Island- May 29, 1790 How a Bill Becomes a Law The BillA bill is an idea that comes from a Representative of the House (your local Congressman) or by a citizen who discusses the issue with a Representative. The idea is then written in a bill. The Bill is ProposedEvery bill will need a sponsor and supporters. When the Representative has written the bill, he or she will then talk to other representatives to gain their support. Introducing the BillThe written bill, which can only be introduced by a Representative of the House in the House, is placed in a special box called the 'hopper' next to the clerk's desk. When the bill is introduced, the clerk will assign it a number starting with H.R., which will then be read to the representatives. The speaker of the House will then send it to a standing committee. The Committee will Approve or Reject the BillA committee of representatives (generally experts in the subject matter) will review and research the bill. They will then vote on the bill as to whether the bill will be sent to the House for a vote. Committee will Report the BillIf and when the committee approves the bill, it is then sent or reported to the House for a debate. Debating the BillWhen the bill is debated, representatives argue why they agree or disagree with the bill. They recommend changes which the clerk will add when reading the bill section by section to the Representatives. Voting on the BillIf the majority of the Representatives approve the bill, it is then certified and sent to the Senate. There are 3 voting methods:1. The Speaker will ask Representatives to say 'aye' or 'nay'.2. The Speaker will ask Representatives to stand when asked yes or No.3. Electronic recording of votes. The Bill at the SenateWhen the Senate receives the bill, a similar committee will discuss it and if approved, send the bill to the Senate floor for a vote. The vote will be 'aye' or 'nay'. If the majority of Senators approve the bill, it is then sent to the President. The Bill goes to the PresidentIf the President approves the bill, he will sign it and the bill then becomes a law. He could however, choose to refuse to sign ('veto', which can be overridden) or decide not to do anything with it. The Bill becomes lawIf the bill passes the House, the Senate, and is signed by the President, it is then law.
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