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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Lexicology is the study of words. Lexicology Etymology The study of the origin and history of a word . A lot of words in daily use today were , at one time, considered barbaric misuses of language. e.g, Handbook Coinage The invention of totally new terms.Older examples are aspirin , nylon, Vaseline .They tend to become every day words in the language 'google' originally a misspelling for the word googol EponymsNew words based on the name of a person or place. e.g. 'jeans' ( from the Italian city of Genoa where the type of cloth was first made) 'Fahrenheit' (from the German, Gabriel Fahrenheit) It is the taking over of words from other languages. e.g. croissant (French ) tycoon (Japanese ) yogurt (Turkish ) In some cases, the borrowed words may be used with quite different meaning .Special type of borrowing is described as loan-translation or calque There is a direct translation of the elements of a word into the borrowing language. Borrowing BlendingThe combination of two separate forms to product a single new term by taking only the beginning of one word and joining it to the end of the other e.g. work + alcoholic = workaholic CompoundingDefinition: Joining of two separate words to produce a single form.e.g.six-pack HypocorismsA particular type of reduction, favored in Australian and British English, where a longerword is reduced to a single syllable, than y or ie e.g.Pregnant / Preggie ClippingA word of more than one syllable is reduced to a shorter form usually beginning in casual speech.e.g. situation comedy sitcom AcronymsNew words formed from the initial letters of a set of other words.CALL = Computer Assisted Language Learning حركة المقاومة الإسلامية= حماس Backformation A word of one type ( usually a noun ) is reducedto form a word of another type (usually a verb)e.g.Babysit ( from babysitter ) Convension:A change in the function of a word .e.g. convension noun to verb email to emaile.g. verb to noun o feel feel Derivation:It is the formation of a new word or inflectablestem from another word or stem. It typically occurs by the addition of an affix. Multiple processesThe operation of more than one process at work in the creation of a particular word.e.g.Carphone phone(clipping) from telephone it is combined with car (compounding) Prefixes: Add to the beginning of the word. (healthy unhealthy) Suffixes: Add to the end of the word.ness (slow slowness) Infixes: It is an affix that is incorporated inside another word .e.g. جهد إجتهاد Done by:Sara AlshehriNoura Almuteri Rawan AlQarni Aseel AlmrzogGhadah Al-rehaili Refrence ..English Club." Plural Forms of Compound Nouns"., n.d Web.Kosur, Heather." Word Formation: Compounding, Clipping, and Blending," Bright Hub Education ( 17 October, 2014). 'Wikipedia."Derivation(linguistics). Attribution-ShareAlike License ,n.d.Web. 18 Oct2014Mariekosur,Heather."wordformation."12october2013:Bright Hub Education.Web.13Nov1014. "Wikipedia." Morphology (linguistics). ,n.d.Web. 5 Oct.2014
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