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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Semantics Semantics Semantics is the study of meaning in language. conceptual meaning: associative meaning : covers basic essential ,components of meaning . it is the type of meaning that is found in dictionaries . it does not differ from a person to another. it is also known as the denotative meaning Who? Linguists Example: Needle: Thin, sharp, steel instrument. it refers to the associations or connotations attached to a word. it is not found in the dictionary. it differs from a person to another. known as the connotative meaning. Who? Poets, Song-writers, novelists,literary critics and lovers. Example: Needle: pain, blood, illness, drugs ,thread,knitting or hard to find. To STRUCTURALISTS:semantics is intangible, variableand not to be taken for granted. Sematics areas of interest : 1- The fact the word can have more than one meaning.For example: bank can be both the a river and the financial bank. 2- The fact that different words appear to have the same meaning.For example: small and tiny. 3-The fact that some words can be analyzed into components.For example: mare implies both adult and female as well as horse. 4- The fact that some words seem to have opposites.For example: light and heavy. 5- The fact that the meanings of some words are included in the meaning of others.For example:the meaning of Fruit is included in the meaning of watermelon. 6-The fact that certain combination of words have meanings whichare very different from the combination of their separate meaning.For example: kicked the bucket which means died. Sense Relations Polysemy : The lexical relation in which a word has two or more related meaning. Star Synonymy : The lexical relation in which two or more words have very closely related meanings. Antonymy : The lexical relation in which words have opposite meanings. Hyponymy: The lexical relation in which the meaning of one word is included in the meaning of another. Idioms: A group of words in a fixed order that has particular meaning different from the meaning of each word understood on its own. good as gold in for a penny, in for a pound spill the beans a blind alley be in thedoghouse. give in
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