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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 STEM CELLS Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells Quick Fact: What is stem cell? Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells In 1968 Newborn infants no longer need their umbilical cords, so they have traditionally been discarded as a by-product of the birth process. In recent years, however, the stem-cellrich blood found in the umbilical cord has proven useful in treating the same types of health problems as those treated using bone marrow stem.Umbilical cord blood stem cell transplants are less likely to berejected. This probably because the cells have not yet developed the features that can be recognized and attacked by the personsimmune system. Also, because umbilical cord blood lacks well-developed immune cells, there is less chance that the transplanted cells will attack the persons body.Both the versatility and availability of umbilical cord blood stem cells makes them a potent resource for transplant therapies. All these facts and more can be found at: A stem cell is an undifferentiated cell of a multicellularorganism that is capable of giving rise to indefinitelymore cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation.They have the ability to dive and to differentiate along different path ways. Doctors performed the first successful bone marrow transplant.Bone marrow contains somatic stem cells that can produce all of the different cell types that make up our blood. It is transplanted routinely to treat a variety of blood and bone marrow diseases, blood cancers, and immune disorders. More recently, stem cells from the blood stream and umbilical cord stem cells have been used to treat some of the same blood-based diseases. Learn more at: Potential uses of stem cells By: Fabiana Avendaño Nov. 29, 2014 Learn.Genetics
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