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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 History Fun Facts Bohr diagram properties Chemical Physical Bromine is named after the Greek word bromos meaning stench because bromine smells...'stinky'.to scale proportionally. Bromine is the 64th most abundant element in the Earth's crust with an abundance of 2.4 mg/kg. Bromine is used in many fire retardant compounds. The ancient royal purple dye called Tyrian Purple is a bromine compound. Bromine was nearly discovered by two other chemists before Antoine Jerome Balard published his discovery. The first was in 1825 by the German chemist Justus von Liebig. He was sent a sample of salt water to analyze from a nearby town. He thought the brown liquid he separated from the salt water was a simple mixture of iodine and chlorine. After he learned of Balard's discovery, he went back and checked. His liquid was the newly discovered bromine. The other discoverer was a chemistry student named Carl Loewig. He separated the same brown liquid in 1825 from another sample of salt water. His professor asked him to prepare more of the brown liquid for further testing and soon learned of Balard's bromine. Density (g/cc): 3.12Melting Point (°K): 265.9Boiling Point (°K): 331.9 Uses One of the major uses of bromine is as a water purifier/disinfectant. Bromine compounds are effective pesticides, used both as soil fumigants in agriculture. Brominated substances are important ingredients of many over-the-counter and prescription drugs, including analgesics, sedatives, and antihistamines. liquid redish brown color
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