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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 ENZYMES IN THE HUMAN BODY ENZYMES IN THE HUMAN BODY Amylase Produced in the salivary glands, this enzyme breaks down starch when it is chewed and turned into maltose (carbohydrate). This process is called chemical digestion. PancreaticAmylase This amylase is secreted in the pancreas and it allows for thedigestion of the carbohydrate to produce glucose which gets absorbed by the blood and it transported throughout the body. Maltase This enzyme is produced by the bacteria in the small intestine.It helps create glucose for the body to use for energy (process called hydrolysis). HCL (Gastric Acid) This acid is produced in the stomach which helps with the digestion of food, HCL has a pH level of 2 which makes it highly acidic, however the stomach is lined with a form of mucus which protects the stomach from the HCL acid. Pepsinogen An inactive enzyme in the stomach which changes into pepsin when it reaches the acid in the stomach Pepsin Pepsin begins the process of protein digestion in the stomach Renin This enzyme is produced in the kidneys (and possibly the placenta), where it breaks down proteins and helps regulate the blood pressure Lipase Main source is in the pancreas, but it also acts in the small intestine to break down fats into fatty acids and glycerol. Bile Salts Produced in the liver, but stored in the gallbladder, this helps with the digestion of fats and removal of toxins from the body. SodiumBicarbonate Found in the pancreas, it helps with neutralizing the pH level of the stomach acid Trypsinogen Located in the pancreas, this is an inactive form of typsin, which is converted into it in the small intestine by eneterokinase. Trypsin This is a protein digesting enzyme from trypsinogen in the pancreas. Peptidase This enzyme is found in the stomach breaks down proteins by destroying the chains between their amino acids. Sucrase Located in the intestinal vili, this enzyme breaks down sugar into fructose and glucose. Lactase Though absent in many adults,this enzyme is located in the small intestine where it breaks down lactose (sugar found in milk) into glucose and galactose. Enterokinase This enzyme is believed to be produced in the duodenum, as it converts trypsinigen into trypsin Erepsin This is located in the small intestine and its function is to digest peptones into amino acids. Phosphatases This is located throughout the tissues in body and its purpose is to remove phostphate Arisha Imran
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