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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 ZONGULDAK KOZLU MINING ACCIDENT, 3 MARCH 1992 Coal mining in Turkey first began in 1829, by Uzun Mehmet's discovery of coal in Ereğli. First production levels amounted to 40-50 thousand kgs and the production was conducted by highly rudimental methods. Due to proliferation of coal consuming factories at the end of 19th century, coal production reached 735,000 tons in 1907. In 1920, French invasion of coal mines decreased production level to 570,000 tons. Coal mines were publicized in year 1940. The biggest mining accident in Turkey happened on 3 March 1992 in Zonguldak Kozlu. This accident was also the most deadly up until the Soma accident on 13 May 2014. First explosion caused consecutive firedamp explosions in the mine. Since the fire could not be controlled, entrances of the mine were blocked and water and air was pumped into the mine. According to several resources 263 workers passed away. We believe the concept of unavoidable accident to be unacceptable considering the information age we are in. The current sophisticated mining technology and 160 years of experience in mining should have provided us with a secure working environment. Therefore, we believe that organizational issues in Türkiye Taşkömürü Kurumu(TTK) lead to carelessness in many operations in the mines, resulting in death of the workers. A snapshot of the rescue operations after 1992 Kozlu Mining Accident Omer Barutcu, junior minister at the time, claimed that Kozlu Mine was equipped with the best quality warning devices and had relatively better precautions compared to other mines. However, TTK declared that the Methane gas values were fluctuating between 0.2-0.4% during the day before explosion, followed by an unconventional increase. At 19:39, the percentage was around 1.5 %, and 2.9% at 20:00, however, unlike Barutcus claim, warning devices failed to give any alarms. Sever, Ahmet. "Le Soir'de Kıyaslama." Milliyet 6 Mar. 1992, pg. 19. Print. Erkin, Tuğrul. "TÜRKİYE KÖMÜR MADENCİLİĞİ VE GELECEĞİ." Madencilik VIII.1: 33. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. "18 Yıl Geçti: Kozlu Grizu Faciası." SoL 4 Mar. 2010. SoL Haber Portalı. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. ALAN COWELL, ALAN. "200 DEAD IN BLAST IN A TURKISH MINE." The New York Times 5 Mar. 1992. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. "Kozlu'da Grizu Faciası." Hürriyet 4 Mar. 1992. Print. Öztürk, Ahmet. "Kozlu'da 263, Armutlu'da 103 Işçi ölmüştü: Türkiye'nin En Büyük Iş Cinayeti." Kozlu'da 263, Armutlu'da 103 Işçi ölmüştü: Türkiye'nin En Büyük Iş Cinayeti. 3 Mar. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2014. Belovacıklı, Mete. Milliyet 5 Mar. 1992, pg. 13. Print.
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